Nutrition and Modern Food Groups

Nutrition science has been changing and so have the food groups. A well balanced diet is the key to nutrition and ensures that you get the right mix of vitamins and minerals you need to remain healthy. Try to follow these simple rules:

Remember, individual needs vary. If you want stronger bones, you may want to increase your dairy product servings, but be careful because too much dairy has its own health risks. Use caution, common sense and strive for a balance. Listen to your body and make adjustments accordingly.

Water and Nutrition

Water plays a large role in nutrition as it takes part in all functions, cells, tissues and organs in the body. While it is essential to good health, for proper nutrition, needs for water may vary individually with:

Water is essential to nutrition because it is approximately 60% of body weight, every organ uses water, water flushes toxins out of vital organs, and carries nutrients to cells. Lack of water can lead to dehydration which can drain your energy and make you tired.

While for proper nutrition, the body needs approximately 8 to 9 cups of water per day. Not all water has to come from drinking actual water. Nutritious food provides about 20 percent of total water intake. Many fruits and vegetables, such as watermelon and tomatoes, are 90 percent or more water by weight.

Types of Water

Much more about water's role in nutrition

Dietary Fiber and Nutrition

Dietary fiber is essential in nutrition because it helps in the the digestive process by

More benefits of dietary fiber in nutrition.

Dietary Fat in Nutrition

There are a number of different types of fat. Some types of fat are good for nutrition and some are damaging.

More about different types of fat and their role in nutrition.

Carbohydrates In Nutrition

Most foods contain carbohydrates. The body breaks them down into simple sugars which are the major source of energy for the body. There are two Types of Carbohydrates

More about carbohydrates and the role of carbohydrates in nutrition


Protein is the main building block for nearly every organ and function in the body. To figure out approximately how many grams of protein per day your body needs, take your weight in punds and multiply it by two.

The human body builds over 50,000 known and highly specialized proteins. Learn more about how protein works in the body

Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and minerals are nutrients your body needs to grow and develop normally. More about

Nutrition: Chemicals and Food Additives

Many foods in the United States have chemicals added to them to prolong their shelf life, make them taste better, and ultimately be cheaper for people to buy. While some of the added chemicals may be healthy for our wallets, they are not necessarily good for our health, and often quite harmful.

Take a look at our list of chemicals added to foods.

Nutrition: Antioxidants

There is an ongoing debate about the role of antioxidants in prevention of cancer and other diseases. Many of the common vitamins we get in our diet have anti-oxidant powers and fight bad chemicals (oxidant) we get from our environment.

More about what are antioxidants, oxidants, and getting enough of antioxidants

Nutrition: Anti-Inflammatory

Recent studies from top research institutions have shown that risk of cancer increases with prolonged inflammation. While many pain-killer medications also fight inflammation, many foods are natural fighters of inflammation and also happen to be good for nutrition. Foods that help the immune system become stronger are important in fighting many diseases and illnesses.

More about anti-inflammtory foods and nutrition

Nutrition: Organic Foods

Prior to the invention of modern farming, all food was organic and nutritious in its own way. Now, unless the food specifically states that it is organic, you can bet, it contains at least some chemicals, pesticides and growth hormones that are not naturally-occuring. Even if the label says the food is organic, it may not be fully organic. Some debate exists whether organic food is equally good for nutrition as non-organic food.

Additionally, there are a number of classifications for "organicness" of the food defined by the U.S Departement of Agriculture.

More about what is really organic food, and how to understand the role of organic food and nutrition

Nutrition: Amino Acids

Amino Acids are extremely important in nutrition. They are basic building blocks that make up proteins. There are 22 amino acids in the body that work together to help regular function of nearly all body systems. There are two types of amino acids

Read more about the 22 essential amino acids in nutrition

Nutrition: Enzymes

There are over 15,000 known enzymes in the body and aid nutrition, digestion and normal body function in a multitude of ways. Enzymes are proteins that help in nutrition and health by causing chemical reactions in nearly all functions in the body. These chemical reactions are essential for proper function of cells. Enzymes are therefore essential for many chemical processes in nutrition, digestion and absorbtion of nutrients.

More about enzymes and nutrition

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